What is Arthroscopy?
“Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure. Orthopaedic Surgeons uses this procedure to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.” The term arthroscopy is taken from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The literal meaning of Arthroscopy is “to look within the joint.”
“In an arthroscopic examination, an orthopaedic surgeon makes a small incision (keyhole) into the joint and then inserts a camera inside the joint.” The surgeon can see the inside of the joint through this very small cut instead of a large cut required for open surgery.
A camera displays the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to see throughout the joint. The surgeon can determine the injury and then treat accordingly.
Why is Arthroscopy Necessary?
Diagnosing any joint injury is a systematic process consisting of
• A Thorough history of the injury
• Clinical examination
• Investigations includes : X-rays, MRI and CT as required.
• A final diagnosis is made during arthroscopy, which is more when compared to “open” surgery or from scans
Disease and injuries can damage bones, ligaments, cartilage, tendons and muscles
Some of the most common conditions found during the arthroscopic examinations of joints are as follows:
• Inflammation as in infection of the arthritis, joint, and synovitis Acute or Chronic Injury
• Shoulder: impingement syndrome, recurrent dislocations and Rotator cuff tendon tears
• Knee: chondromalacia, and ACL tears, PCL tears, Meniscal tears, cartilage injuries
• Wrist: TFCC tears, Carpal tunnel syndrome,
• Loose bodies of bone and/or cartilage: for example: shoulder, knee, elbow, wrist or ankle,
• Some problems which are associated with arthritis can also be treated.
Although the inside of almost all the joints can be viewed with an arthroscope. However there are six joints which are most frequently examined are elbow, hip, knee, shoulder, ankle, and wrist.
Arthroscopy treatment in Hyderabad consists of Arthroscopic surgery requires use of anesthesia and special equipment. It requires a general, local anesthesia, or a spinal, depending on the suspected problem or joint. For the best arthroscopic surgery, A small incision in the skin (size of a keyhole) is made to insert the arthroscope. Several other incisions (cuts) are made to see other parts of the joint or insert other instruments.
When indicated, corrective surgery is done with specially designed instruments that are inserted into the joint through accessory incisions.
After arthroscopic surgery in hyderabad, the small incision in the skin is stitched and is covered with a dressing. Many patients need some pain medications. Most of the patients are discharged on the same or the next day depending on the intensity of the pain. They will be given instructions about care for the activities to avoid, wound, and exercises to do to aid in the recovery. During the follow-up visit, the wounds are inspected and the sutures removed. The amount of surgery required and recovery time will be dependent on the complexity of the problem.
What are the Possible Complications?
The risk of complications after the arthroscopy is very low. Infection, phlebitis (blood clots of a vein), or bleeding, excessive swelling, damage to blood vessels or nerves, and instrument breakage are the most common complications but occur very infrequently during arthroscopic surgery.
What are the Advantages?
To get the best arthroscopic surgery and treatment in Hyderabad. It is an extremely valuable tool for any orthopaedic patients. In General, arthroscopy is easier on the patient than “open” surgery. Most of the patients opt for arthroscopic surgery as outpatients and are home several hours after the surgery. Recovery is faster and easier following arthroscopic surgery. Cosmetically arthroscopy is more acceptable than open surgery
What is recovery like after Arthroscopy?
The small puncture wounds might take several days to heal. The operative dressing is usually removed in a 1 or 2 days after surgery and adhesive strips are applied. Although the puncture wounds are small and painful in the joint after arthroscopy is minimal, it takes several weeks for the joint to maximally recover. A specific activity and rehab care program will be suggested to speed up the recovery and to protect future joint function.
It is not unusual for patients to go back to work or school or resume daily activities within a days. Athletes and others who are in good physical condition may be in some cases return to athletic activities within a few weeks. Each patient’s arthroscopic surgery is unique to that of other person and so is the recovery time.