Collateral Ligament Injuries

Are you looking for the best collateral ligament injuries treatment in Hyderabad, then consult the best doctor.

The knee is one of the largest joint in the body and one of the most complex. It is also vital to movements. Knee ligaments connect from thighbone to leg bones. Knee ligament sprains or tears are a very common sports injury. Road traffic accidents and sports like cricket & football are very common cause of injuries to the collateral ligaments.

Collateral Ligament Injuries Treatment in HyderabadAnatomy

To understand collateral ligament injuries treatment let us know the anatomy of Collateral Ligament Injuries:

Three bones meet to form the knee joint: 1. thighbone (femur) 2. shinbone (tibia), and 3.kneecap (patella). Your kneecap sits in on the front of the joint to provide protection. Bones are connected to other bones by ligaments. There are four primary ligaments in a knee. They act like strong ropes to hold bones together and keep a knee stable.

Cruciate Ligaments

These are found inside knee joint. They cross each other to form an “X” with am anterior cruciate ligament in front and the posterior cruciate ligament at the back. The cruciate ligaments controls the back and forth motion of the knee.

Collateral Ligaments

These are found on the sides of knee. The medial or “inside” collateral ligament (MCL) connects femur to the tibia. The lateral or “outside” collateral ligament (LCL) connects to femur then to the smaller bone in the lower leg (fibula). The collateral ligaments controls the sideways motion of the knee and brace its against unusual movement.

Description

Because the knee joint relies just on these ligaments and are surrounding muscles for stability, it is easily injured. Any direct contact to the knee or a hard muscle contraction — such as changing the direction rapidly while running — can injure a knee ligament. Injured ligaments are also considered as “sprains” and are graded on a severity scale.

Grade 1 Sprains. The ligament is mildly damaged in Grade 1 Sprain. It has been a bit stretched , but is still able to help and keep the knee joints stable.
Grade 2 Sprains. A Grade 2 Sprain stretches the ligament to the point where it becomes very loose. This is often referred as a partial tear of the ligament.

Grade 3 Sprains. This type of sprain is most commonly referred as a complete tear of ligament. The ligament has been split into two pieces, and the knee joint is very unstable…
The MCL is injured more often than a LCL. Due to the more complex anatomy outside of a knee, injury to LCL is usually associated with injury to other ligaments in the knee joint.

collateral ligament injuries symptoms

Cause

Injuries to the collateral ligaments are usually caused by the force that pushes the knee sideways. These are often motorcycle accidents and are contact injuries, but not always.
Medial collateral ligament tears often occur as a result of a direct blow outside of the knee. This pushes knee inwards (toward the other knee). Blows to the inside of the knee that pushes the knee outwards may injure the lateral collateral ligament.

Symptoms

• Pain at the sides of the knee. If there is an MCL injury, the pain is on the inside of a knee; an LCL injury may cause pain on the outside of the knee.
• Swelling over the site of an injury.
• Instability — the feeling that your knee is giving way.
Now that you got to know the symptoms then consult the best collateral ligament injuries doctor in hyderabad

Clinical Examination and Patient History

For the best clinical examination consult the best doctor for collateral ligament injuries treatment in Hyderabad.

During your first visit, your doctor will talk to you about symptoms and medical history.
During the physical examination, doctor will check all the structures of injured knee, and compare them to the non-injured knee. Most ligament injuries can be diagnosed with a physical examination of the knee.

Imaging Tests

Other tests which may help your doctor confirm your diagnosis include are as follows:
X-rays. X-rays. Although they will not show any injury to your collateral ligaments, x-rays can show whether the injury is associated with a broken bone or not
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. This study creates better images of soft tissues like collateral ligaments.

Treatment

There are surgical and non surgical procedures for collateral ligament injuries treatment which are as follows:
Injuries to the MCL rarely require any surgery. If you have injured just your LCL, treatment is similar than that of a MCL sprain. But if LCL injury involves other structures in your knee, treatment will address those, as well.
Nonsurgical Treatment
Ice. Icing your injury is very important in the healing process. The proper way to ice an injury is to use a crushed ice directly to the injured area for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, with at least 1 hour between icing sessions.

Bracing. Your knee must be protected from the sideways force that causes the injury. You may need to change your daily activities to avoid any risky movements. Doctor may advice a brace to protect the injured ligament from stress. To further protect your knee, you may be given a crutches to keep you from putting weight on your leg.

Physical therapy. Your doctor might suggest strengthening exercises. Specific exercises will restore function to your knee and strengthen the leg muscles that supports it.
Surgical Treatment
Most isolated collateral ligament injuries can also be successfully treated without any surgery. If the collateral ligament is torn in such a way that it cannot heal or is associated with any other ligament injuries, your doctor may suggest a surgery to repair it.

Return to Sports

Once your range of motion returns and you can also walk without a limp, your doctor may allow a functional progression. This is a gradual, progressive return to any sports activities.