Common Knee Injuries | Knee Ligament Injuries Treatment

A knee is a complex and complicated joint with many components, making it vulnerable to a variety of injuries. To get the best knee ligament injuries treatment in Hyderabad, consult Dr. Sunil Apsingi. Some of the most common knee injuries include dislocations, sprains, fractures, and ligament tears. A knee injuries can be treated successfully with simple measures such as bracing and rehabilitation exercises. Other injuries may require surgery for correction.

Anatomy

 

The knee is one of the largest joint in the body, and one of the most easily injured. It is made up of four main components, they are: bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.

 

Three bones meet to form knee joint namely : thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella).

The ends of femur and tibia, and back of the patella are covered with articular cartilage. This slippery substance helps knee bones glide smoothly over each other.

Two wedge-shaped pieces of meniscal cartilage behave as a "shock absorbers" between femur and tibia. Different from articular cartilage, the meniscus is very tough and rubbery to help cushion and stabilise the joint.

Bones are linked to other bones by ligaments. The four main ligaments in knee behave like strong ropes to hold the bones together and keeps the knee stable. Ligaments are divided into 2 types. They are two collateral and two cruciate ligaments

Collateral Ligaments: These are found on the side of the knee. The medial collateral ligament is on the inside of knee, where as the lateral cruciate ligament is on the outside. They control the sideways motion of the knee.

Cruciate ligaments: These are found inside of your knee joint. They cross each other to form an "X" with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in front and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in back. The cruciate ligaments are controlled the back and forth motion of the knee.

Muscles are connected to bones through tendons. The quadriceps tendon connects the muscles in front of thigh to the patella. It Stretches from your patella to your shinbone is the patellar tendon.

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Common Knee Injuries

To get the best knee ligament injury doctor in Hyderabad consult Dr. Sunil Apsingi. The most common knee injuries include fractures around the knee area, sprains, dislocation, and tears of soft tissues, like ligaments. In many cases, injuries involve more than one structure in a knee.

If you notice the common knee injuries below then you need to visit best knee ligament injury doctor in Hyderabad. Swelling and Pain are the most common signs of a knee injury. In addition, the knee may also catch or lock up. Many knee injuries causes instability — the feeling that, the knee is giving way.

1. Fractures

Bone Fracture Treatment in Hyderabad

The most common bone broken around the knee is known as patella. The ends of the femur and tibia where they meet to form the knee joint can also be fractured. Many fractures around the knee are caused by high energy trauma, such as falls from significant heights and motor vehicle accidents.

2. Dislocation

A dislocation occurs when the bones of the knee is disassociated, either completely or partially. For Instance, the femur and tibia can be forced out of a alignment, and the patella can also slip out of its place. Dislocations can also be caused by an abnormality in the structure of a person’s knee. In people who have normal knee structure, dislocations are often caused by high energy trauma, such as fall, motor vehicle crashes, and sports-related contact.

3. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries

The anterior cruciate ligament is injured during sports activities, in road traffic accidents involving two wheelers. Athletes who participate in high demand sports such as soccer, football, and basketball are more certainly to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. Changing direction rapidly or landing from a jump (from a height) incorrectly can tear the ACL. About half of all injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament occur along with damage to other structures in the knee, like articular cartilage, meniscus, or other ligaments.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injuries

The posterior cruciate ligament is often injured from blow to the front of a knee while the knee is bent. This often occurs when motor vehicle crashes and sports-related contact. Posterior cruciate ligament tears tend to be very partial tears with the potential to heal on their own.

Collateral Ligament Injuries

Injuries to the collateral ligaments are usually caused by the force that pushes the knee sideways. These are often contact injuries or onroad traffic accidents. Injuries to the MCL are usually caused by a direct blow to the outside of a knee, and are often sports-related. Blows to the inside of the knee that pushes the knee outwards may injure the lateral collateral ligament. Lateral collateral ligament tears occur less frequently than any other knee injuries.

Meniscal Tears

Best Torn Meniscus Treatment in Hyderabad

 

Sudden meniscal tears often occur during twisting injuries to the knee in sports or road traffic accidents. Tears in the meniscus can occur while twisting, cutting, pivoting, or being tackled. Meniscal tears may also occur as a outcome of arthritis or ageing. Just an awkward twist when getting up from a chair may be enough to cause a tear, if incase the menisci have weakened with age.

Tendon TearsTendonitis Treatment in Hyderabad

The quadriceps and patellar tendons can be stretched and also torn. Although anyone can injure these tendons, tears are most common among middle-aged people who play running or jumping sports. Falls, direct force on the front of the knee, and landing awkwardly from a jump are common causes of knee tendon injuries.

To get the first hand knee ligament injuries treatment one should follow these quick steps, Initial treatment of knee injuries are as follows:

RICE method such as — rest, ice, gentle compression and elevation – can help speed recovery.
Be sure to seek treatment at the earliest, especially if you:
• Hear a popping sound and feel your knee give way at the time of the injury
• If you have severe pain
• If you cannot move the knee
• If you begin to limping
• If you have swelling at the injury site

Many knee injuries can be treated with a very simple measures, such as:
• Immobilization in a brace To further protect the knee crutches may be required to avoid putting on weight on the leg.
• Physiotherapy - Specific exercises to restore function of the knee and strengthen the leg muscles that support it.
• Non-steroidal or anti-inflammatory medicines.
If you would like to know about surgical treatment for knee ligament injury then consult the best knee ligament injury doctor in Hyderabad. Many fractures and injuries around the knee require surgery to fully restore function to a leg. In some cases - for example many ACL tears — surgery can be done arthroscopically using small incisions.